Definition of Education: Goals and Elements

In this sophisticated era, education has become a basic need for every individual. In fact, the government has obligated its citizens to obtain the right to education for 12 years and it is recommended that it be more than that.

In simple terms, education can be a means for individuals to avoid ignorance. The higher the education, the higher the knowledge that will be obtained.

So, what exactly is education? Why is education important for our lives and future generations?

Definition of Education

According to a pedagogical expert from the Netherlands, Langeveld, suggests that education is a guidance given by adults to immature children to achieve the goal, namely maturity.

Education and education are two things that are related. Educating means taking an action in the form of providing education to other parties.

According to Ki Hajar Dewantara, educating is guiding all the natural forces that exist in children so that they as humans and as members of society can achieve the highest safety and happiness.

Then, according to Crijns and Reksosiswoyo, educating is the help given by anyone who is responsible for a child’s growth to bring it to an adult level.

According to the 1973 GBHN, education is essentially a conscious effort to develop the personality and abilities of students inside and outside school and lasts a lifetime.

There are several basic concepts regarding education, namely:

1. That education lasts for a lifetime (long life education) This is because the true education effort has been started since humans are born from the mother’s womb until they die.

The concept of lifelong education seems to give an understanding that education is not synonymous with the school environment, but also in the family and community environment.

2. Educational responsibility is a shared responsibility between family, community, and government.

3. For humans, education is an obligation because from education, humans can have developing abilities and personalities.

So it can be concluded from these opinions that education is a conscious effort, not a haphazard act so that he becomes a responsible and independent adult human being.

Education Only Applies To Humans

Educational efforts concern the conscience, values, feelings, knowledge, and human skills.

Only humans can be educated and receive education because humans are equipped with reason.

While animals are not not educated and do not allow to be educated, so it is impossible to be involved in the educational process.

Why Do Humans Need to Get Education?

There are several possible assumptions why a human being needs to get an education in his life, namely:

1. Humans are born into the world in a helpless state so they need to get help from others to carry on their life.

2. Humans are born not immediately become an adult. In order to reach the adult level, an educational process is needed.

3. In essence, humans are social creatures so they will not be able to live without other humans.

In essence, humans can be educated and get education throughout their lives.

Educational Goals

The purpose of education in one country with another will of course be different depending on the basis of the state, philosophy of life, and state ideology. So as Indonesian people, education has the following objectives:

To achieve a better life.
To form Indonesian people who have attitudes and behavior in accordance with the values ​​of Pancasila.

To achieve this is with maturity. There are several indicators used to call an individual has become an adult, namely:

1. Independent; can live alone, do not depend on others for their lives, and can make decisions about their lives.
2. Be responsible for their actions.
3. Understand the norms and morals that apply in society.

Elements in Education

1. Learners

In this day and age, students are not always the only ones who receive information from educators. However, they can give each other feedback to educators and between other students.

In addition, the knowledge possessed by students can be different from other students. This could be due to differences in the educational environment.

2. Educator

Educators are divided into two types, namely a) natural educators, namely parents as the first educators since the individual was born into the world; and b) professional educators, namely teachers.

Parents as natural educators are not carried out at the will of the child, but solely by nature that they must educate their children in different ways and rules.

Even in this day and age, many parents neglect their responsibilities as natural educators. The reasons are various, one of which is the lack of time to interact with children due to being too busy working.

The limited time has made the transfer of children’s education to the state and society (in the form of the teaching profession).

Teachers as professional educators have accepted the responsibility of educating from various parties, namely parents, society, and the state (government). This responsibility is accepted on the basis of the belief that a teacher is able to provide an appropriate education for students.

Especially now that being a teacher has quite a lot of requirements, it’s not just enough to have a bachelor’s degree in education. Pancasila spirit, democratic, physically healthy, are some of the other requirements that must be owned by a teacher.

3. Purpose

Every education given to students must have a purpose. For example, so that students are good at speaking, reading and writing, counting; so that students have noble character, love for the nation and homeland; and others.

These goals must be assessed based on the needs and abilities of students so that the educational process can be accepted as a good life value.

4. Education Content

The content of education includes everything that is given by educators to their students in order to achieve educational goals.

The content of this education is in the form of material that must be adapted to the educational goals and abilities of students.

5. Educational Method

In relation to education, this method depends on the ability of the educator in question and the means of education.

In the educational process, it is often the case that method X is not successfully applied by educator A, but it is successfully carried out by educator B. So it can be said that an educational method still has advantages and disadvantages of each.

6. Educational Environment Situation

The environmental situation is one of the most influential elements in the educational process. The environmental situation in question is the socio-cultural environment, the physical environment (buildings), and the natural environment (weather and seasons).