Which is better, a public school or a private school?

In the near future, school activities will enter a new school year, and students who will attend school will enter high school such as elementary and junior high school students. Or children who are going to primary school.

It is not uncommon for prospective students who do not know which school to attend, but guardians of students who do not know which school has the best learning facilities for their children. As we know in Indonesia, there are two types of schools in our country.

  • The first is public schools, namely schools which are funded by the government in terms of facilities, teachers, administrative staff and so on.
  • The second is a private school, which is a school that is established independently or is run by someone which is not managed by the government in its implementation.

The quality between these two schools is debatable, some people think public schools are better, some people think private schools are better.

The advantages and disadvantages of public schools and private schools

Only how the parents of these students can consider which advantages are a priority for prospective students who will go to school.

1. Cost

Talking about costs, public schools will outperform because the cost of education for students will be low or free, this is because funding will be supported and subsidized by the government, many parents are forced to send their children to public schools, because of the cost. constraint.

In contrast to public schools, private schools have high tuition fees and entry fees, because school management and financing are carried out independently, from teacher salaries, infrastructure development and other costs.

2. Facility

In fact, we cannot generalize facilities between all public and private schools in Indonesia. Public schools labeled as Priority Schools will have better facilities than other public schools, and often the preferred State Schools have facilities that can support students’ academic activities that are only available in big cities.

Not a few facilities in public schools are only replaced every few years, this is constrained by limited funds provided by the government.

For private schools themselves, almost all private schools in Indonesia have complete facilities, this is due to the existence of building fees and large tuition fees every month, but not all private schools have good facilities, private schools are quiet enthusiasts or can be said to be almost bankrupt only have makeshift facilities.

3. Capacity

Public schools have a greater capacity than private schools, because the buildings used by public schools are old buildings that have been converted into schools. Public school admissions range from 300 to 500 students per year, depending on the size of the school.

While private schools have a smaller capacity. But from a larger capacity it does not guarantee that the school looks positive, less capacity makes students grouped in classes with fewer students, this affects the focus of students’ learning because the class is not too crowded, the teacher who teaches will be easier organize classes with fewer students.

4. Curriculum

State school curriculum follows the curriculum set by the Ministry of Education, all learning activities will depend on the national curriculum that is used as a reference.

The national curriculum now has 3 options that can be implemented by public schools, namely the 2013 curriculum, the emergency curriculum (simplified 2013 curriculum), and the prototype curriculum.

Meanwhile, private schools have the flexibility to determine the curriculum to be used. Most private schools apply the Cambridge curriculum which differs from the national curriculum.

The Cambridge curriculum itself has a goal to create a generation of nations that are ready for global competition. In this curriculum, the importance of the process is prioritized rather than the results, in the Cambridge curriculum, educational tools are more emphasized on developing students’ interests and talents so that there is in-depth mastery of the field.

5. Teacher

The biggest difference between public and private school teachers is seen in their nature and sense of responsibility. Most public school teachers are old teachers and are just waiting for their retirement, during this time teachers usually seem to be less responsible for the tasks that have been assigned to them.

Examples include being late in teaching, leaving class at will, and not teaching students well but only giving questions or assignments that must be done.

In contrast to public schools, teachers from private schools in general will be very responsible with their duties, because teachers are aware that they are paid by the school owner to teach students as well as possible.

The average teacher in private schools is still young, these teachers will use technology as best they can to help him in teaching, not only teaching teachers like this will also set an example so the students in the class understand.


Based on the article that we present between public schools and private schools, each has advantages and disadvantages, from the points above parents or guardians of students can consider the needs or priorities needed for prospective students, schools do not determine the success or success of students, students themselves who able to achieve success and success with the guidance of schools and teachers.