Concepts of Early Childhood Education You Need to Know

Children are intrinsically unique, relatively spontaneous in expressing their behavior, active and energetic, egotistical (high curiosity and unwillingness to know others, or wanting to be alone), knowing), and very enthusiastic about many things.

Children tend to be adventurous (curious), highly imaginative, easily frustrated, more or less able to visualize actions, have low attention spans.

Principles of Early Childhood Development

Child development has many aspects that are interdependent and affect each other. One way children learn is through play, playing is the most important means for children that can help social, emotional and social interactions. Cognitive development and also child development. A good condition for children’s development and learning is a community or environment that is mutually supportive and safe.

In the National Education Law Number 20 of 2003 Prohibition I Article I Paragraph 1 states that “Early Childhood Education is an effort to develop children from birth to infancy. educational stimulation to support physical and spiritual growth and development so that children are ready to take higher education. the potential of children from an early age as preparation for life and for children to adapt to their environment. The purpose of early childhood education is also so that children can understand their religion, the existence of God, manage their skills, grow their understanding of language, think logically, learn to solve problems, express themselves to the surrounding environment. and have sensitivity to the effects of different products and music. .

Early childhood education has a logical argument that childhood is a very basic stage of child development.

The case of the existence of early childhood education as a means of pre-primary education, is a framing effort aimed at children from birth to the age of six which is achieved through the provision of fun education to support physical abilities and maturation and mental development. so that children are ready to enter the world of education.

Foundations of preschool or early childhood education institutions

  • Juridical basis or statutory regulations
  • Philosophical foundation – religious or philosophical and religious values
  • Scientific foundations or scientific theories
  • Empirical foundation or reality in life

According to Ki Hadjar Dewantara, “Children have the right to make the best choice for them (Tut Wuri Handayani). Quoted from Maria Montessori “a loving environment can develop children’s potential optimally”. and According to Piaget, “children are active learning creatures, able to be creative and build their own knowledge”

What we need to know in early childhood education:

  1. Reference because the learning menu in PAUD is a plan and arrangement of educational and developmental activities designed to guide the learning process.
  2. The General Learning Menu is an entire educational program for children aged 6 years that provides early childhood development services and educational activities
  3. Educational activities are a series of educational process activities carried out in a planned manner to achieve the ultimate goal. long-term learning outcomes.
  4. Early Childhood Education is pre-school basic education, an effort to foster children from birth to the age of six which is achieved through the provision of educational stimuli to assist physical and mental growth and development so that children are ready to continue their education.
  5. Early Childhood Development is an effort or effort by the community/government to help children develop according to their potential.
  6. Kindergarten is a means to. Education and improvement of the welfare of children who function as a substitute family for a certain period of time, provided that parents have certain needs.
  7. Child care centers are educational services for 26 year olds that help guide and lay the foundation for knowledge and growth.
  8. This type of preschool institution is a form of educational service for children from infancy to entering basic education, in addition to preschool and playgroups.

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