The Role and Impact of Information Technology in Indonesian Education

In the process of education, communication is done by means of communication such as telephone, computer, internet, electronic mail, and others. The interaction between teachers/teachers and students/students is not only done through face-to-face relationships but is also done using these media. With today’s information technology, teachers can provide services without having to deal directly with students.

Similarly, students can collect information at various levels from various sources through cyberspace or cyberspace using computers or the internet. The most recent is a development known as ‘e-teaching’ or ‘virtual teaching’, namely the teaching process is carried out using the internet. Another term that is increasingly popular today is e-learning, which is a learning model using information and communication technology, especially the internet.

The role of information technology in education

The development of information and communication technology has had an impact on the world of education, especially in the educational process, learning programs. According to Rosenberg in G. Gunawan (2009) in Sudibyo (2011), with the development of the use of information and communication technology, there are five changes in the learning process, namely:

  • from training to appearance
  • from class anywhere and anytime
  • from paper to “online” or channel
  • from physical settings to network
  • from cycle time to real time

Information technology in education can be understood as a complex and integrated process involving people, ideas, tools and organizations to analyze problems, find ways to solve problems, implement, assess and manage problem solving covering all aspects of human learning. (Sukadi, 2008) in Sudibyo (2011). In line with that, the birth of information technology in education starts from the problem of education itself. Current educational problems include equal distribution of opportunity to obtain education, improving the quality of education, as well as the relevance and effectiveness of education.

A serious issue that continues to be a concern for the world of education in Indonesia, from basic education to higher education, is the issue of “quality/quality”. To that end, there are three basic principles in educational technology that serve as a reference for its development and utilization, namely: a systematic approach, student-oriented, and the use of learning resources. In general, the role of e-learning in the learning process can be grouped into two, namely: complementary and alternative.

Addition assumes that face-to-face learning still applies, but is combined with an interactive model based on information technology (IT). In the alternative process, most of the learning is done by information technology (IT). Currently, regulations issued by the government have also facilitated the use of e-learning to replace conventional learning processes. Order of the Minister of National Education No. 107/U/2001 clearly opens the corridor of distance education where e-learning can play several roles. The six principles above are important to remember so that online learning is truly focused and can trigger students’ enthusiasm in learning to navigate the ocean of knowledge.

Impact of Utilizing Information Technology in Education

The impact of the use of information and communication technology in education according to Christyn Elisabeth Siagian (2012) can be divided into two, namely positive impacts and negative impacts. The positive impacts of information technology in the world of education are: the information needed will be faster and easier to access for educational purposes, innovation in learning is growing with e-learning innovations that make the educational process easier, advances in information and communication technology will also allow the development of virtual or virtual classes. Teleconference-based classes that do not require the educator and students to be in one room, the administrative system at an educational institution will be easier and smoother because of the application of information and communication technology systems.

The negative impacts of information technology in the world of education, among others: advances in information and communication technology will also make it easier for violations of Intellectual Property Rights (IPR), because the easier access to data causes plagiarized people to commit fraud, even though the administrative system of an institution education is like a system without gaps, but if there is a carelessness in running the system it will be fatal, one of the negative impacts of television is to train children to think short and stay concentrated in a short time (short span of attention).

Associated with the negative impact of information technology whose development is increasing but has shortcomings. For example, in e-learning which can lead to the transfer of teachers’ functions and result in teachers being eliminated, or also lead to the creation of individuals who are individual because the learning system can be done alone. It is even possible that students’ morals and discipline will be difficult or difficult to supervise and foster, so that gradually morals and humans, especially students, decline drastically, human nature is society, society is lost.

Negative impacts of using information technology in education

In Sudibyo (2011), some of the negative impacts of using information technology in education can be seen:

  • Students or students become dependent on the existence of excessive virtual worlds. This can happen when students do not have a skeptical and critical attitude towards something new. Furthermore, in the context of the virtual world (internet) they have indirectly entered a world that is so free, it is very important that the two attitudes above become a stronghold or filter from all current sources of information. In addition, no less important is the concern of parents, who play a very important role in instilling values ​​in relation to religious norms that underlie life.
  • Crime (cybercrime). In the world of education, this can happen, such as the theft of important documents related to the education system or practically confidential assets (documents relating to final exams or the state) using the Internet.
  • Causing apathy in every individual, both for students/students/students and teachers/teachers/lecturers. This can be seen, for example, in virtual systems and e-learning. When the learning system is not responsive between students and teachers, students can be less active in the learning system and the results are not optimal (Jamal Makmur Asmani, 2011).

Hopefully with this article you can add more insight than before.